What Are The Types Of Eczema Found? 

Eczema is the most common ailment related to the skin. Here we find the various types and treatments. What are the reasons for the condition?

What Are The Types Of Eczema Found? 

The Reasons For Dermatitis

A common problem that causes the skin to become inflamed is eczema often called dermatitis by people. 

Coming in many forms is eczema whereas the different types of eczema include the following symptoms. 

  • Itching 
  • Intense itching is found. Often due to scratching is the damage to the skin during eczema 
  • Scaling
  • Giving the skin a rough scaly appearance is the flaking off of the surface of the skin
  • Redness
  • Appearing blotchy the affected skin may bleed
  • Fluid-filled blisters
  • Often forming crusts, these can ooze
  • Cracking
  • Developing painful deep cracks also called fissures in the severely affected skin 

Eczema may flare up and cause severe symptoms depending on the cause. With less intense symptoms, it can also become a chronic problem. 

The following are the types of eczema and its treatments. 

Atopic Dermatitis

The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis affecting people who also have the following:

  • Asthma or hay fever
  • Coming with a family history of eczema, asthma, or hay fever. 
  • Allowing moisture out as also germs in are the defects in the skin barrier. 
  • Usually beginning during infancy or childhood is atopic dermatitis. 
  • Striking people at any age is found in the case of this type of eczema.

It is seen to affect the skin on mostly

  • Face
  • Hands
  • Feet
  • Inner elbows
  • Back of the knees

Scratching the skin can cause it to become thick and red over time. 

Creating wounds that become infected is often seen as an effect of scratching. Making symptoms of atopic dermatitis worse irritants include 

  • Soap
  • Rough clothing
  • Household chemicals
  • Foods, dust mites, as well as other allergy triggers that can also make symptoms worse.

Treatments for atopic dermatitis include:

  • Using those products to lubricate as well as moisturize the skin
  • Those steroid creams and ointments
  • Often given as an injection every two weeks, are drugs that control the immune system including dupilumab as well as crisaborole which comes to be a non-steroidal ointment used topically twice a day.
  • The antibiotics to treat infections
  • Alone or with a drug called psoralen, Ultraviolet light is used 

Contact Dermatitis

Here come two types of contact dermatitis:

  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis

Developing after a substance damages the skin is these types of eczema. Here it includes the chemicals as well as frequent hand washing. 

Developing after touching a strong irritant one time or by coming into contact with the irritating substance repeatedly is the irritant contact dermatitis. 

After a person touches an allergy-triggering substance like those below, contact dermatitis can also develop:

  • Nickel
  • Cosmetics
  • Poison ivy

Especially vulnerable to developing contact dermatitis are the hands. 

Even if they don’t have atopic dermatitis, people can develop contact dermatitis. 

We include the following treatments for irritant contact dermatitis:

  • Moisturizers for the skin
  • Steroid medications
  • Including steroid drugs comes the treatments for contact dermatitis from allergic triggers. Taken as a pill or rubbed on the skin are these treatments.
  • Antibiotics may be necessary for either type of contact dermatitis. It is also important to avoid future contact with the irritant or allergy trigger. 
  • Hands that are often affected can be protected by wearing gloves.  

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Affecting the hands and feet is this type of eczema with an unknown cause. 

Severe itching is the first symptom as blisters may appear thereby giving way a few weeks later to scaly patches. On the hands or fingers, deep cracks can appear sometimes. These types of eczema may happen to be chronic and painful. 

Thereafter treatments include:

  • Cool, wet compresses
  • Rubbed onto the skin or taken by mouth are the steroid drugs
  • Combined with ultraviolet A therapy is Psoralen

Nummular Dermatitis

Affecting men more often than women in this type of eczema. Before their mid-50s, men usually don’t get their first outbreak as women are tending to get it in their teen years or early adulthood. 

Causing coin-shaped red marks is nummular dermatitis. It is observed that the marks appear mostly on the 

  • Legs
  • Backs of the hands
  • Forearms
  • Lower back
  • Hips

It is still unknown what the cause of nummular dermatitis is whereas there are factors mostly being raised with the chance of an outbreak to strike including 

  • Cold, dry air
  • Exposure to chemicals such as formaldehyde
  • Exposure to metals, including nickel

There are treatments for nummular dermatitis that include:

  • Helping protect the skin from scratches as well as other injuries
  • By taking a lukewarm bath or shower, and then applying a moisturizer to your skin
  • Furthermore, applying a steroid ointment to the rash
  • Going to work throughout your body is by taking a steroid medication by mouth or injection 
  • If an infection develops taking antibiotics will help


Often noticed is that people having this type of eczema develops skin irritation in the spots where they frequently scratch out of habit. 

Affecting the following areas are these types of eczema: 

  • Back
  • Sides or back of the neck
  • Genitals
  • Scalp
  • Wrists
  • Ankles
  • Inside and behind the ear

Without realising it, people may scratch affected areas during the day as also while asleep. 

Causing a skin outbreak that doesn’t get any bigger is usually neurodermatitis. Here the irritated skin grows thick and deeply wrinkled. 

In the irritated areas, infections may also develop. 

Stopping the scratching is the main treatment for this type of eczema. 

Steroid medicines that are rubbed onto the skin can help treat symptoms in the meantime. 

It can be harder to treat when neurodermatitis affects the scalp. It may require the steroid medication prednisone which is taken by mouth in these cases. 

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Better known as dandruff is this type of eczema. It affects the scalp in infants. It also affects the following areas in adults:

  • Eyebrows
  • Sides of the nose
  • The area behind the ears
  • Groin
  • Center of chest

Causing skin to fall off in flakes is seborrheic dermatitis. It is possible that the condition results from an overgrowth of a type of yeast that normally lives in these areas, or also an overgrowth and rapid shedding of cells on the scalp. In people whose immune systems aren’t working properly including people with AIDS, it is especially hard to treat. 

Between infants and people with the condition later in life, treatments vary. The treatments for this condition include:

  • With ingredients like salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, or 
  • Coal tar for shampoos 
  • Rubbed onto affected areas are antifungal treatments 
  • Those steroid lotions

Stasis Dermatitis

When the veins in their lower legs don’t properly return blood to their heart, people develop this type of eczema. 

Arising quickly, causing weeping and crusting of the skin is stasis dermatitis. This type of eczema can cause the skin to develop brown stains over time. 

Here we find the treatments that include:

  • Steroid creams or ointments
  • Lubricating the skin with creams or lotions
  • The moist compresses
  • Those antibiotics to treat infections
  • By elevating the legs
  • Wearing compression stockings

The End Of The Discussion 

Taking proper care is the only treatment for dermatitis. It helps by certain medication whereas there are also other elements added to bringing you the best result. 

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