A Detailed Study On Dandruff And The Causes Behind It

Is dandruff worrying you? Here are some easy tips to do away with dandruff. Have healthy glowing and shiny hair.

A Detailed Study On Dandruff And The Causes Behind It

What Is Dandruff?

People suffering from dandruff on the scalp often forget that it is a skin condition that has medication with positive effects. Dandruff is the leading reason for hair fall and itchy scalp in most people no matter what gender they belong to. This is why many still reject seeking medical treatment for the condition. It a pretty quick and easy solution to treat hair dandruff. You can walk around confident with a healthy scalp and no more flaky skin or dust on the favorite black dress. There are a wide variety of treatments available with the variations on the intensity of dandruff affecting the scalp.

Look beyond the old myth of bad hygiene as a cause of dandruff by digging deeper into what it is. With long term effects, if ignored or not treated properly, it can disrupt the life of many. Many still tend to overlook the natural build-up.

Affecting 50% of the world’s adult population, as well as occurring on infants too, dandruff is the common problem affecting an individual’s social and physical behavior. Sometimes called scurf, it is a skin disorder building up during regeneration of the scalp’s skin. Old skin cells are normally replaced by new skin once a month without being visible to naked eyes, whereas dandruff infested scalp comes with old skin peeling off rapidly and distinguished through the flaky formation. Before old skin cells die out, this kind of skin regeneration or flaking happens. Due to this process, large skin scales become visible in people suffering from dandruff problems.

Dandruff affecting the scalp comes in two ways, internally or externally as well as simultaneously. 

Factors Of Internal Dandruff:

The following are the main factors affecting dandruff internally:

  • Fungus and bacteria attack leading to skin inflammation and allergies
  • Irregular hormonal activities of the body
  •  Weak immune system
  •  Heredity
  •  Emotional stress

The most common fungus that is responsible for dandruff:


This is a fungus normally thriving on the scalp causing dandruff in case one of the species like Malassezia furfur is found to dispose of waste lipids irritating scalp skin or inflammation called Seborrheic Dermatitis. With a scalp sensitive to their lipid wastes, they are likely to produce severe itchiness and flaking of the skin. 

Factors Of External Dandruff:

  •  Skin inflammation resulting from strong chemical compounds that are found in certain hair styling products
  • Soap or shampoo residues
  • Weather

Most Common Skin Inflammation Caused By Active Ingredients:

Contact Dermatitis 

This is a kind of allergic reaction of the skin that can cause inflammation normally triggered by the strong chemical compounds that are found in anti-dandruff shampoos, hair dyes, hair colors, and other hair treatments.

Attacks of dandruff on the sweaty and oily scalp are easy, with excess normally creating flakes in the cold weather resulting in dandruff build-up. Soap residues usually create the same effect as the skin peels off if improperly washed.Thoroughly combing the hair regularly too is the culprit besides washing. 

Signs Of Dandruff Attack:

  •  Itchy scalp
  • Irritating skin
  • Soreness in the scalp
  • Reddish skin spots
  • Flakes

Are you suffering from dandruff? There are many ways you can prevent it causing further build up as anti-dandruff shampoo remedies as well as herbal home remedies like the following. 

Active Ingredients In Anti-Dandruff Shampoos:

  • Zinc pyritheone
  • Tar based shampoos
  • Salicylic acid
  • Selenium sulfide

Home & Herbal Remedies

  • Olive oil
  •  Baking soda
  • Lemon or lime juice
  • Tea tree oil
  • Thyme
  • White vinegar
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Baby oil
  • Fenugreek seeds
  • Aloe vera
  • Milk of magnesia

Concluding Thoughts

In many dandruff shampoos, active ingredients, as well as other antifungal agents, are effective in slowing down cell regeneration and reduce fungus formation. Even though quite effective, they can cause allergies and inflammatory reactions of the skin in the long run. This reaction is normally seen in people with hypersensitive skin. So herbal and home remedies are the safer way to treat dandruff, and if the problem persists, take time to visit dermatologists for special ointments and medications to treat them.

It is a normal procedure that skin cells regenerate and shed off old skin whereas it is unlikely for fresh skin to flake off when accompanied by chronic irritations. These are likely symptoms pointing to dandruff in progress. As the problem continues, consult with your doctor, apply dandruff shampoo, try other remedies as well as avoid contributing factors. Treat it early before they affect other parts of the scalp area. 

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